Coughs & Colds Q&A

1What are colds and why do they come back?
Colds are common infections usually caused by different viruses that may also cause inflammation in the lining of your nose, throat and chest. This Inflammation may go on to cause nasal congestion, which prevents the drainage of mucous and restricts air flow.
Research shows that there is over 200 different viruses that can cause a cold, which increase the likelihood of catching another cold after recovering from one. This makes the ‘common cold’ the most common type of illness you can develop, throughout the year.
2What are some of the symptoms?
Some of the symptoms of a cold may include:
• Blocked nose
• Sore throat
• Runny nose
• Cough
• Sneezing
• Body Aches and pains
• Headaches
• Low-grade fever
Most cold symptoms are usually resolved within 8 days.
Please visit your healthcare professional if your cold symptoms persist for longer than 8 days.
3How can I preventing colds in the first place?
Colds can easily spread from person to person through small droplets in the air and are therefore very contagious. These droplets, which contain the virus, are normal spread when someone with a cold sneezes, coughs or blows their nose near you. For this reason make sure you wash your hands with soap and avoid touching your eyes, mouth, and nose, If you come into contact with someone who has symptoms of a cold.
4What is a chesty cough?
A chesty cough or wet cough is your body’s natural reflex to clear excess mucus from the airways in your lungs or throat. Mucus is produced in your lungs to keep your airways clean and help fight infection, however too much mucus can be produce as a result of a viral infection. (e.g. a cold)
5What are some of the symptoms?
Some of the symptoms of a chesty cough may include:
• Persistent coughing
• Mucus that comes after coughing (may be clear, green or yellow in colour)
• Sore throat
• Sore chest
• Wheezing when breathing in or coughing
• Breathlessness
• Slight Fever
Please visit your healthcare professional if you have concerns about symptoms.
6How can I prevent chesty coughs?
While it is difficult to prevent getting a chesty cough, you can help reduce mucus from building up further in your lungs if you have a cold. You may consider using a humidifier or having a warm shower to help clear your airways.
To avoid reinfection, make sure you wash your hands with soap and avoid touching your eyes, mouth, and nose, If you come into contact with someone who has symptoms of a cold.
7What other tips can I use to help treat a cough or cold?
• Maintain fluid intake at all times
• Saline sprays can help clear nasal congestion
• You can increase the air’s humidity by using a steam vaporisers which may help to loosen the mucus in the airways.
• Ensure you get enough sleep as this allows your body to fight infections.
• If you are unsure about the symptoms, see a healthcare professional.